How to export services and their users into csv

I need to export the services and their ‘run as’ users in a number of servers. This is how I did it.

#Ebin Issac 6/3/2018
#This will read a list of servers from a text file, and extract the services which are not run by localsystem, and save into a csv file. Need to be run from a server with elevated permissions

$ComputerList = Get-Content serverlist.txt
ForEach ($Server In $ComputerList) {
    Write-Host "Processing $($Server) ... " -ForegroundColor White -NoNewline
    Get-wmiobject -computername $Server win32_service | where { $_.startname -notmatch "localsystem"}| select-object pscomputername,Displayname,name,startname | Export-Csv "$Server.csv" -NoTypeInformation 
   # write-host $?
    If ($? -eq 'True') {
			Write-Host "OK." -ForegroundColor Green
    }
     Else {
			Write-Host "Failed." -ForegroundColor Red
    }
}

You can find the download link here.

So this will take a list of servers, and extract the services, but excludes those run by localsystem, and export into a csv. You can filter that part based on your requirements. The output will look similar to this.

ServiceUsers

How to export group memberships of Active Directory users into CSV format..

So I started a new job recently, and I am working on a as-is migration. I needed to export the list of AD users and their group memberships into human readable format. So this is how I did it.

$users = Get-ADUser -Filter *
foreach ($user in $users) {

$Groups = (Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership -Identity $user.SamAccountName | Select-Object -ExpandProperty name) -join ','
get-aduser $user.SamAccountName -properties memberof,samaccountname,givenname,surname | select samaccountname, @{name="Groups";expression={$Groups}} | export-csv -append "ADUsers.csv" -Delimiter "," -NoTypeInformation -Encoding UTF8
}

You can find it in github here.

Basically, it just get all users from AD, and find their memberships and save only their names and memberships.

Year in review – 2017

This is a bit late, nevertheless, its worth writing.

Like 2016, 2017 was also a good year for me. Managed to complete 4 out of 5 of the resolutions. What I couldnt deliver was to reach 65 kilos. ūüė¶

Well, I was really busy last year so was totally unable to hit the gym properly. So I am carrying over that to 2018. So the resolutions for 2018 will be:

  • Reach 65 kgs
  • Take at least one more certification – preferably AWS
  • Learn malay language – at least to be able to do simple communication using it.

In 2017, managed to take 3 AWS certs, bought a bike, completed degree, so overall it was a good year. And seems like I lost the touch to write. Words are not so pretty.

How to fix puppet certificate errors

When we recently took over some client’s infrastructure, we started to get the following error.

puppet-cert-error

I just had to renew the cert to fix this. To renew, follow the steps below:

1.Delete the old certificate from client.

root@agent1:/etc/puppetlabs/puppet# mv ssl ssl.20171115

2.Delete the old certificate from server.

root@ip-172-31-7-177:/home/ubuntu# puppet cert clean agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal   //make sure to change the agent name

3.Run puppet agent again, it will create a new certificate.

root@agent1:/etc/puppetlabs/puppet# puppet agent -tv
Info: Creating a new SSL key for agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal
Info: Caching certificate for ca
Info: csr_attributes file loading from /etc/puppet/csr_attributes.yaml
Info: Creating a new SSL certificate request for agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal
Info: Certificate Request fingerprint (SHA256): 16:E8:E6:51:46:A1:07:0E:FA:E1:E9:F9:54:C4:4E:F7:F9:EF:0E:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
Info: Caching certificate for ca
Exiting; no certificate found and waitforcert is disabled
root@agent1:/etc/puppetlabs/puppet#

4.If we get the following message, that means puppet server auto sign is not enabled, so we need to manually sign the cert from server. If it is not there, move to step 7

Exiting; no certificate found and waitforcert is disabled

5.To manually sign, first list the certs to be signed in the master.

root@ip-172-31-7-177:/home/ubuntu# puppet cert --list
"agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal" (SHA256) 16:E8:E6:51:46:A1:07:0E:FA:E1:E9:F9:54:C4:4E:F7:F9:EF:0E:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
"agent2.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal" (SHA256) B1:3F:AF:A5:70:90:33:60:B8:63:EF:2C:A5:97:72:2C:DD:EF:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
root@ip-172-31-7-177:/home/ubuntu#

6.Sign the certificate for that agent by :

root@ip-172-31-7-177:/home/ubuntu# puppet cert sign agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal
Signing Certificate Request for:
"agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal" (SHA256) 16:E8:E6:51:46:A1:07:0E:FA:E1:E9:F9:54:C4:4E:F7:F9:EF:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx
Notice: Signed certificate request for agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal
Notice: Removing file Puppet::SSL::CertificateRequest agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal at '/etc/puppetlabs/puppet/ssl/ca/requests/agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal.pem'
root@ip-172-31-7-177:/home/ubuntu#

7.To verify, run puppet agent again in agent.

root@agent1:/etc/puppetlabs/puppet# puppet agent -tv
Info: Retrieving plugin
Info: Caching catalog for agent1.ap-southeast-1.compute.internal
Info: Applying configuration version '1510728583'
Info: Creating state file /var/lib/puppet/state/state.yaml
Notice: Finished catalog run in 0.01 seconds
root@agent1:/etc/puppetlabs/puppet#

How to export the last login details of all users in a Windows server using Powershell

So one of our clients want to get a monthly report on the last login details of all users in the Windows servers in our environment. So we came up with this powershell script which is scheduled to run end of every month. This will extract the data, and upload them to an S3 bucket. It makes use of awscli for uploading to s3. We can even include SNS notification, but right now it is not implemented.

Below is the script:

Disclaimer : I do not know if this is the best way to do it just like all my other scripts, but this works [ At least for me ]

$currentMonth = Get-Date -Format MM
$currentYear = Get-Date -UFormat %Y
$hostname = hostname
$filename = $currentYear+""+$currentMonth+""+$hostname+"_login.csv"
$([ADSI]"WinNT://$env:COMPUTERNAME").Children | where {$_.SchemaClassName -eq 'user'} | select @{l='name';e={$_.name}},@{l='LastLogin';e={$_.lastlogin}} | export-csv C:/temp/$filename

(gc C:/temp/$filename) -replace (gc C:/temp/$filename)[0],"" | sc C:/temp/$filename -Force
(gc C:/temp/$filename) -replace (gc C:/temp/$filename)[1],"" | sc C:/temp/$filename -Force
(gc C:/temp/$filename) | ? {$_.trim() -ne "" } | set-content C:/temp/$filename

aws s3 cp C:/temp/$filename s3://YourBucket/$currentYear/$currentMonth/

This will create a csv file in the following format.
windows_last_login

How I managed to get all 3 AWS associate certifications..

You read it right.
Today I got my third AWS certification – AWS certified SysOps administrator.

I think a lot of it comes from common sense, and some general industry knowledge. I only have less than 2 years of IT experience, and even in that 1.5 years was of just desktop support. Its from my current job that I really started some ‘real IT’ job. But for past few years I have been following major tech sites, and so called geeky facebook pages and the famous r/sysadmin. I think all those things gave me some idea on what is happening in the industry although I don’t really have any experience.

Coming to AWS, I first heard about AWS back in 2015 when I was starting to look for an IT job. But then..nothing happened. So its only since my current job, precisely from May 2017, that I really started doing AWS stuffs. That is around 6 months now. In this 6 months, I haven’t really implemented anything from scratch, but just have been maintaining the existing stuffs.

One good thing about my employer is that they value these certifications, and will reward if we get one, and also will refund the exam fee. So, why not? Basically my preparation was same. I bought the courses from A Cloud Guru, watched them all. Once done with that, bought practice exams from Whizlabs. Other than these two, I referred the AWS FAQs.That’s it. As I mentioned earlier, I think its all about common sense and general knowledge about IT and AWS. The exams are not really difficult. Especially the SA and Dev. I got 89% for SA, 96% for Dev and 87% for SysOps.

Why am I taking all these certs ? Well I think its nice to put this up in resume and LinkedIn. And it doesnt cost me anything. So why not?

 

How to select full URL upon click in Firefox..

I use Firefox as my personal browser. Although I sync it, there are some settings which are not synced. So every time I reinstall or change PC, I have to redo them again and again. This is one of those things. After a re install, if I click on the address bar, it wont select the whole address. I need to click Ctrl+A for it. But with a simple tweak, we can get that functionality. For that,

  • go to about:config in firefox address bar.
  • Search for browser.urlbar.clickSelectsAll
  • FirefoxDouble click and change the value to true.